What Is a Quorum FAQs

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Quorum questions are the most common searches on the Jurassic Parliament website. Here are the contents of our new article, “What Is a Quorum FAQs.” Join our list and get your free copy.

This article is based on Robert’s Rules of Order Newly Revised, 12th edition. Read about quorum in Chapter XI, Section 40. As always, nothing in this article constitutes legal advice. Consult a qualified authority for information about your specific issues.

Table of Contents

Quorum Basics

  1. What is a quorum?
  2. How is “quorum” different from “votes cast”?
  3. Who or what defines the quorum?
  4. How large should a quorum be?
  5. Who announces the quorum?
  6. When do you need a quorum?
  7. Can you suspend the quorum requirement?
  8. What does it mean to say “majority of the quorum”?
  9. What is the origin of the word “quorum”?

Losing the Quorum

  1. If we don’t have a quorum at the start of the meeting, what actions can we take?
  2. If we have a quorum at the start of the meeting, does it continue regardless?
  3. Can someone leave to break the quorum?
  4. If you’re in the room and say nothing, are you still part of the quorum?
  5. What if nobody says anything about losing the quorum?
  6. If you abstain, does that affect the quorum?

Quorum Problems

  1. What if state law says something different about quorum?
  2. What is a “walking quorum,” “rolling quorum, ”or “serial meeting”?
  3. What is the IRS position on quorums?
  4. What if my nonprofit board has gathered but we’re short of a quorum?
  5. What if we can’t obtain a quorum to amend our bylaws?

See also these posts about quorum:

What is a quorum and why does it matter?

When is a quorum not enough?

Does Robert’s Rules support quorum busting?

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Ann Macfarlane

Ann G. Macfarlane is a Professional Registered Parliamentarian. She offers an interactive and user-friendly way to master the key points for effective, efficient and fair meetings. Her background as a diplomat and Russian translator enables her to connect with elected officials and nonprofit board directors and give them the tools they need for success. She is the author of Mastering Council Meetings: A guidebook for elected officials and local governments.