Fill in the blank: an easy way to make hard choices

fill in the blank

© Can Stock Photo Inc. / studio2013

Have you ever wondered whether a fill in the blank approach could be useful to your board or council? Sometimes a board of directors has to make hard choices about selling property, giving the executive director a raise, making an appointment or choosing a date to schedule an event. Robert’s Rules of Order offers an easy way to choose among multiple options. The fill in the blank approach is very efficient.


Suppose that the board is planning to sell a surplus land parcel. The staff has proposed a motion, “That the surplus land parcel be sold for not less than $100,000.” Some board members think that this is too low – the organization could easily get $200,000 for the parcel.  Others think that it is too high – given the current real estate situation, they’ll be lucky to get $75,000.

A member of the board or the chair can suggest “that we create a blank.” If there is no objection, staff writes the motion on a white board like this:

That the surplus land parcel be sold for not less than _____________________.

Members suggest a price that they think ought to be the minimum, which the secretary writes in order from highest to lowest, so the list looks like this:






The group holds a brief discussion period, with each member explaining, if they choose to, why they believe their choice is the best one.


Then the chair takes the vote on each number to fill in the blank. Key points here:

  • The chair starts with the number LEAST likely to pass. In the case of selling a properly that would be the highest number. (If the board were buying property, or giving the executive director a raise, it would be the lowest number.) If there is no obvious “least likely to pass” option, the choices are listed in the order they are made.
  • Each member votes on each number that is offered, “aye” or “no.”
  • The first number to get a majority vote fills the blank.
  • No vote is taken on the remaining numbers.

In this example, the members reject $200,000 and $180,000, but vote in favor of $150,000. The motion then becomes:

That the surplus land parcel be sold for not less than $150,000.

No vote is taken on the $100,000 and $75,000 options.


Debate continues on the motion, and then the board votes. In other words, “filling in the blank” does not mean that the body has ultimately decided on that number, it merely defines the number for further discussion and decision-making.


The tricky part here is that each member should vote on each number. Sometimes people are silent on the first choices, planning to vote for the number they personally prefer. But if they don’t vote “no” early on, it is possible that one of the earlier numbers will receive a majority vote and be approved BEFORE the group gets to the number the member is waiting for.

Although not technically an amendment, fill in the blank is a good way to amend a motion when there are many options. It can save a lot of time and make hard choices much easier.

Technical note: In formal terms this action is called “filling blanks.”  You can learn more details in Robert’s Rules of Order Newly Revised, 12th edition, Sections 12:92 – 113, with extensive discussion and examples.



Never miss an article!
Sign up today and get our blog articles right in your inbox.

Ann Macfarlane

Ann G. Macfarlane is a Professional Registered Parliamentarian. She offers an interactive and user-friendly way to master the key points for effective, efficient and fair meetings. Her background as a diplomat and Russian translator enables her to connect with elected officials and nonprofit board directors and give them the tools they need for success. She is the author of Mastering Council Meetings: A guidebook for elected officials and local governments.


  1. Donna Cameron on February 9, 2017 at 2:04 pm

    This was so interesting, Ann; I had never heard of it before. Timely, too–I think it may come in very handy for an upcoming consulting job where some thorny decisions of this nature are anticipated. Thanks!

    • Ann Macfarlane on February 10, 2017 at 8:51 am

      Oh that’s great to hear Donna! So glad to know it. And good luck with the decision-making!